Educator Resources

Resources for Academic Language Instruction: Books & Articles


  • Calderon, M. (2007) Teaching reading to English language learners, Grades 6-12. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
  • Gibbons, P. (2009). English learners academic literacy and thinking: learning in the challenge zone. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
  • Zwiers, J. (2014). Building academic language: Meeting Common Core Standards Across Disciplines. (2nd Edition) San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  • Zwiers, J. and M. Crawford. (2011). Academic conversations: Classroom talk that fosters critical thinking and content understandings. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers.


  • Cummins, J. (2014) Beyond language: Academic communication and student success. Linguistics and Education, 26, 145-154
  • Fang, Z. (2008). Going beyond the fab five: Helping students cope with the unique linguistic challenges of expository reading in intermediate grades. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 51 (6), 476-487.
  • Feldman K. & Kinsella, K. 2005. Narrowing the language gap: The case for explicit vocabulary instruction. Scholastic Professional Paper. Retrieved 6/29/2011 from
  • Ranney, S. (2012). Defining and Teaching Academic Language: Developments in K-12 ESL, Language and Linguistics Compass 6/9 (2012): 560–574, 10.1002/lnc3.354
  • Ranney,S., Schornack, M., Maguire, C. & Dillard-Paltrieri, E. (2014) Academic Language Demands: Texts, Tasks, and Levels of Language.  MinneTESOL Journal, Spring 2014
  • Verplaetse, L. (2007). Developing academic language through an abundance of interaction. In Verplaetse, L. & Migliacci, N. Inclusive Pedagogy for English Language Learners: A Handbook of Research-Informed Practices. Routledge.
  • Zwiers, J. & Crawford, M. (2009). How to start academic conversations. Educational Leadership,70-73.
  • Zwiers, J., O’Hara, S & Pritchard, R. (2014) Three Strategies for Enriching the Quantity and Quality of Classroom Talk ASCD Express, Vol 10, 5.
  • Zwiers, J., O’Hara, S. & Pritchard, R. (2015) Conversing to fortify literacy, language, and learning. MinneTESOL Journal. ttp://

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